What is Knee Replacement?

Knee care surgery Information

This is one kind of knee surgery to replace either the inside (medial) or outside (lateral) compartments of the knee. It is removal of irregular and worn out joint surfaces and replacing them with new artificial surface (Implant).
Because only part of the damaged knee is replaced, it is often called a partial knee replacement.
In this surgery patient may receive general anesthesia before. This means he will be unconscious and unable to feel pain. Or he may receive spinal or epidural anesthesia. Medicine is put into your back to make you numb below your waist. Knee surgery uses smaller surgical cuts than those required for a total knee replacement. The surgeon will make a small cut about 3 inches long over the knee that is damaged. Next, the surgeon examines the entire inner knee area to determine the amount of damage. If there is a lot of damage, patient may need a total knee replacement.
The damaged bone is removed and replaced with an implant (prosthetic) made of plastic and metal. The thigh and shin bone may be slightly shaped to fit the implant. Once the implant is in the proper place, it is secured with bone cement, and the wound is closed with stitches.

Knee Surgery process flow

Who Needs Hip & Knee Replacement?

• Patient with severe joint pain on activities of daily living.
• Stiffness in the joint, along with deformity.
• Need Medicines every day for pain.
• X-rays suggestive of advanced arthritis.

What are the Benefits of Hip & Knee Replacement?

• Joint becomes normal, No pain, no stiffness, No deformity.
• Painless movements of the new joint.
• Resumption of normal daily activities.
• XNo medicines are required for the joint.
• Quality of life improves remarkably.

Computer assisted knee replacement

Computer Navigation has become the standard of care in different fields such as neurosurgery and is also having a profound effect on orthopedic surgery. In Computer assisted Hip & Knee Replacement, the computer guides the surgeon in precisely planning the exact amount of bone to be removed, to give precise angle of bone to be provided during surgery. This, in conventional method is done by simple eyeballing.

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